EU assistance to Moldova takes mainly the form of country Action Programmes funded every year under the ENI. It relies heavily on remittances, and closer ties with the EU are generally seen as more likely than those with Moscow to lead to a … It is a hard question and Moldova has been trying to take measures for being accepted into the EU since late 2000. Such a scenario would incorporate the current territory of Moldova into Romania and thus into the EU, though the Transnistria problem would still be an issue. The Association Agreement including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area provides for stronger political association and economic integration between the EU and the Republic of Moldova (Moldova) and has created constantly growing trade between the partners since 2014. The unresolved issue of the breakaway republic of Transnistria is a major barrier to any progress. The EU, in particular, must breathe new life into the Association Agreement it hashed out with Moldova in 2014 and provide ample funding to this end. The 1994 Constitution of Moldova sets the framework for the government of the country. A parliamentary majority of at least two-thirds is required to amend the Constitution of Moldova, which cannot be revised in time of war or national emergency. The shift towards trade with the EU occurred due to the successive liberalisation of trade with the EU since 2008. As Moldova prepares to sign an Association Agreement with the European Union, Russia is stepping up attempts to keep the country in its fold. They share a common language, traditions and culture. [32], On 2 February 2014, the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia held two referendums on European integration. The EU is also the biggest donor in Moldova, and has the objective of having a clear impact on the life of citizens. The reform progress in Moldova is documented by the EU in the annual implementation reports. Two decades on and that ratio has been reversed, with two-thirds of exports from Moldova heading instead to the European Union, with which the country signed an association agreement in 2014. The level of poverty in Moldova (the country is the poorest among the potential EU members) is a stumbling block to accession. If Moldovan companies adopt EU product standards, this will open additional markets for them. The Moldovan flag is a modified version of the Romanian equivalent, with the Moldovan arms superimposed in its centre. 29-10-2020- HR/VP video blog- We need to strengthen our partnership because our political, economic and security future is at stake when it comes to our relations with Africa, a young and dynamic continent. Now, more than ever, the European Union, the Member States and other like-minded governments need to join forces, programme their development cooperation together and, eventually, develop a strategic and coordinated response to key challenges such as migration and climate change. Cooperation between the EU and Moldova was formalised in 2009 under the Easter Partnership Agreement (EaP). The EU institutions and individual member states have already shown support to the new government. A proportion of Moldovans currently identify as Romanian (see below). Overview of political and economic relations between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union. Besides stockpiles of small arms and the fear of a Russian military avant-poste, Brussels is interested to know more about Moldova because the country presents the EU with an opportunity to evaluate its influence (soft power) in the post-Soviet space. On December 23, Prime … Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of Moldova. The Eastern Partnership offers both bilateral and multilateral measures for enhanced cooperation. As his power grew, it became clear that the European reform agenda was just a cover-up. The Liberal Democratic Party, Liberal Party, Democratic Party, and Our Moldova committed themselves to achieving European integration and promoting a balanced, consistent and responsible foreign policy. EU-MOLDOVA RELATIONS. †= Disputed state, may not be recognised as an independent state by some or all European Union members. Its capital city is Chișinău, located in the south-central part of the country. “Around 70% of its exports are sent to the EU, followed by Russia (8%) and Belarus (3%),” but “the EU’s trade with Moldova accounts for 0.1% of its overall trade. The European Commission opened up a new office in Moldova on 6 October 2005 headed by Cesare de Montis. [17], On 24 January 2011 Moldova officially received an "action plan" toward the establishment of a visa-free regime for short-stay travel from the EU's Internal Affairs Commissioner. [26] In July 2017, Andrian Candu, Moldova's speaker of parliament, said that the country aimed to submit an application for membership by late 2018 or 2019. In 2014, Moldova signed an EU Association Agreement, including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA). EU Dreams in Communist Moldova", "Gagauzia Voters Reject Closer EU Ties For Moldova", "The Delegation's of the European Commission to Moldova Mandate", "Russian decision boosts Moldova's EU entry prospects", "Concerned About EU Integration, Moldova's Gagauz Region Holds Disputed Referendum", "Public Opinion Survey: Residents of Moldova", Delegation of the European Commission to Moldova site, www.mfa.md - Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Moldova RM-EU relations page, Controversy over ethnic and linguistic identity, Economic relationships with third countries, African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly, Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department, Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development, Director General of the Military Staff/Director of the Military Planning and Conduct Capability, Director of the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability, Crisis Management and Planning Directorate, Committee for Civilian Aspects of Crisis Management, Directorate-General for Defence Industry and Space, Medal for Extraordinary Meritorious Service, Organisation for Joint Armament Cooperation, Operations of the European Border and Coast Guard, Operations of the European Maritime Force, Operations of the European Rapid Operational Force, Missions of the European Gendarmerie Force, Treaty establishing the European Defence Community, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Moldova–European_Union_relations&oldid=1001331866, Contemplated enlargements of the European Union, Third-country relations of the European Union, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2019, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Enter Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. This would matter not just for Moldova and the EU but stability in Moldova would also serve the interests of another of EU's and Moldova's neighbours – Ukraine. Despite this progress, Moldova’s European integration project is in tatters. To help Moldova implement the Agreement, the EU supports political and economic reform in the country. We need to fight harder against disinformation and inequalities and renew global cooperation to promote the rule of law and democratic values. Moldova - EU Relations Moldova and the European Union has signed an association agreement in 2014 and came into force on the 1st of July 2016. Moldova's New Pro-EU President Pledges To Be 'Honest And Transparent' December 25, 2020 03:13 GMT By RFE/RL's Moldovan Service; Maia Sandu reviews the honor guard in … With regard to Free Movement of Labour it could be argued that as far as individuals are concerned, Moldova is already a de facto member of the EU, since Moldovans will automatically gain a Romanian passport if they show that their ancestors were at one point Romanian (that is before the countries were split). Oligarchy jeopardises the Eastern Partnership as one of the EU’s long-term projects. EU assistance to Moldova takes mainly the form of country Action Programmes funded every year under the ENI. So far, the nation of 3.5 million people has tallied more than 100,000 virus cases and over 2,000 deaths. Moldova, a former Soviet republic, lies between the EU member state Romania and Ukraine and is one of Europe's poorest countries. Moldova is the largest recipient of EU aid per capita in the European neighbourhood. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Leider gibt es eine historische Kontinuität in Bezug auf Handelshemmnissen für moldauische Produkte durch Russland. The EU has also funded investment in air and road infrastructure, as well as Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) projects. EU financial aid to Moldova has funded numerous and diverse projects, including: The EU is also supporting the implementation of confidence-building measures in the Transnistrian region of Moldova through health care and social projects. [33] There is concern in Gagauzia that Moldova's integration with the EU could lead to such a unification with EU member Romania, which is unpopular in the autonomous region. Europa Moldauer dürfen visafrei in die EU reisen. During this period Moldova-EU relations gained more consistency, but the relations were marked by changing of the power in Chisinau. The EU has already appointed an EU Special Representative for Moldova and is expected to launch an EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine that would monitor the border between the two countries, including the section controlled by the secessionist authorities of Transnistria. The Association Agreement with the EU is compatible with all other free trade agreements that the Republic of Moldova is part of. [16] It must now be ratified by each state party to the treaty. This process and product reflects the efforts, consultations and contributions made by all relevant stakeholders: the EU Delegation, EU Member States, the Government, the Donor community at large, the European Investment Bank, Civil Society and the private sector. 04. The new framework is innovative and ambitious, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) and an Association Agenda aimed at furthering economic integration and political association between Moldova and the EU. The EU has delivered more than 55,000 respiratory masks, gloves, goggles, gowns, as well as, 20 germicidal ultraviolet lamps, 3,000 litres of sanitizer, to the districts of Ungheni and Cahul. Moldova also retains full sovereignty over its trade policy since it is not a member of any customs union. Joint Programming is the joint planning of development cooperation by EU development partners working in a partner country. Why does Africa matter and why should the EU invest in the EU-Africa partnership? EU to help Moldova boost low-carbon economy By New Europe Online/KG epa07365356 People walk on the street near a bus station during snowfall in Costiujeni, Chisinau city, Moldova, 12 February 2019. The EU cooperates with Moldova in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership.. EU – Moldova: Stronger Together, news. This arrangement provides for a basis of cooperation with the EU in the political, commercial, economic, legal, cultural and scientific areas. Die Vorfreude war groß: Bürger der Republik Moldau können seit dem 28. Moreover, the EU has a substantial leverage over the country given its dependence on exports and aid from the EU and international financial institutions. Sandu vowed to strengthen ties with the EU, ran on an outspoken anti-corruption platform, and acknowledged the need for constructive dialogue with Russia. The Republic of Moldova is a priority partner country within the Eastern Partnership, the eastern dimension within the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). Moldova also benefits from regional programmes for the Eastern Partnership region, supporting SMEs, energy, transport, environment, access to finance, growth as well as the overall business environment and rule of law. Moldova is a unitary parliamentary representative democratic republic. This paved the way to the adoption of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide on 9 December 1948, punishing genocide as a crime and. This pro-Kremlin narrative aims to show Moldova as a country dependant on Russia. Altogether there are over 136. Products meeting EU standards are accepted on markets worldwide. The EU was not always as big as it is today. [2], Moldova is implementing its first three-year action plan within the framework of the ENP of the EU.[10]. The Agenda outlines the priorities for reform in Moldova and is based on the commitments included in the 2014 Association Agreement. Membership of the Eurasian Economic Union. Autonomous trade preferences provide duty-free and quota-free access for almost all Moldovan goods to the EU market. Moldova has strong ties to EU member state Romania. [18] In November 2013, the Commission proposed that visa requirements for short-term visits be abolished for Moldovan citizens holding biometric passports,[19] with Lithuanian Foreign Minister Linas Linkevičius suggesting the change could take place in early 2014. In 1444, Moldavia is a medium-sized five-province country, bordering Poland on the north, Lithuania in the East, the Ottomans in the south and Wallachia in the west. The EU is the country’s largest donor and most important trade partner. This is a community of non-EASA European countries with which EASA cooperates on the implementation of the EU aviation safety rules - either in the framework of comprehensive aviation agreements already concluded with the EU or in anticipation of such agreements. Key EU exports are machinery and appliances, mineral products, transport equipment, and chemical products. In order to do so, a first section outlines the core principles that should be at the basis of the EU’s approach towards Moldova. [23][24], The European Parliament passed a resolution in 2014 stating that "in accordance with Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, as well as any other European country, have a European perspective and can apply for EU membership in compliance with the principles of democracy, respect for fundamental freedoms and human rights, minority rights and ensuring the rule of rights". The EU cooperates with Moldova in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership. Joint Programming laid the foundations for European partners to join forces to provide a response that was well coordinated with other development partners' support to the Republic of Moldova (hereinafter referred to as Moldova). Implementation of the Action Plan will significantly advance the approximation of Moldovan legislation, norms and standards to those of the European Union. Relations between the European Union (EU) and the Republic of Moldova are deep and multifaceted. 10/01/2021 – HR/VP blog – The shocking events in Washington last Wednesday must be a wake-up call for all democracy advocates around the world. Trade between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union. [14] The AA was initialled at the summit,[15] and signed on 27 June 2014. The Joint Strategy thus builds upon the shared views and objectives, and the existing and future financial assistance planning of the European partners and is designed to ensure enhanced coordinated policy dialogue, as well as joint monitoring of reform implementation in accordance with the EU-Moldova AA/DCFTA. Das wurde erstmals bei der Verabschiedung des Aktionsplans zwischen der Republik Moldau und der EU im Jahr … Juli 2016 vollständig in Kraft getreten. Access to the European markets will further increase once Moldova has aligned its health and safety standards to those of the EU. Moldova recognizes the need to join a European community that is free, prosperous and at peace. Moldova is also a partner country within the Black Sea Synergy and is a member of the Energy Community. Moldova has several Eurosceptic parties including the left-wing Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) (1997–present), which has 37 seats in the 101-seat parliament, the conservative Șor Party (1998–present), which has 9 seats, and the left-wing Our Party (PN) (2014–present), which has no seats. Moldova has been a member of the Energy Community since 2010 and signed an Association Agreement with the European Union on 27 June 2014. Then it was part of the Soviet Union until 1991, so you’ll also see a number of similarities there. [11] It covers a timeframe of three years. Furthermore, no revision c… In addition, Moldova benefits from the DCFTA facility under the EU4business programme. https://www.facebook.com/Delegation-of-the-European-Union-to-Moldova-25584032443... http://capacity4dev.ec.europa.eu/joint-programming, DEVCO-Joint-Programming-Support@ec.europa.eu, European Joint Development Cooperation Strategy (Joint Programming Document) For the Republic of Moldova, Single Support Framework for EU support to Moldova (2017-2020), EU roadmap for engagement with Civil Society in the Republic of Moldova 2018-2020, Review of the European Neighbourhood Policy, Press and information team of the Delegation to MOLDOVA. Other priorities for relations with the Republic of Moldova include strengthening the institutions, reforming the judiciary, improving the business climate, ensuring respect for freedom of expression, improving health and social conditions and cooperating on issues such as border management, migration and the fight against trafficking, organised crime, corruption and money laundering. The Association Agreement has been provisionally applied since September 2014 and fully entered into force on July 2016. The EU is Moldova’s main trading partner, representing over 50% of all trade. The Association Agreement replaces the previous Partnership and Cooperation Agreement, which had been in force since July 1998. The EU seeks to improve democracy, the rule of law and human rights in the Republic of Moldova, including in joint programmes with the Council of Europe. Das Assoziierungsabkommen EU-Republik Moldau mit der vertieften und umfassenden Freihandelszone ist am 1. Most Moldovan migrant men go abroad for construction, agriculture or service jobs in countries like Russia, Israel and EU countries, while women go for domestic care and service-related jobs in Italy, other EU countries and Israel. 70% of total Moldovan exports and 56% of total trade went to the EU in 2018. The major strategic priority of Moldova now is membership in European institutions. EU countries, candidate countries and other European countries. Moldova certainly belongs in the European Union" In 2019, Moldova was embroiled in one of its biggest political and constitutional crises, which was only ended by public pressure and the EU’s diplomatic involvement. Economic cooperation extends to numerous individual sectors. If she were able to live up to these commitments, the long-term benefits for Moldova would be obvious. The Republic of Moldova is the largest recipient of EU aid per capita in the European Neighbourhood. Compatibility with other free trade zones. Moldova benefits from a Mobility Partnership with the EU as one of the two pilot countries in the world. If Moldova is to be kept in the EU's sphere of influence, and is to return to some form of democracy, Plahotniuc's return is the only solution to ensure the state's territorial integrity. More details about the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement between the EU and the Republic of Moldova, Practical information for exporters to the EU. Moldova also participates in the Eastern Partnership, a joint initiative involving the European Union, its member states and the post-Soviet states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine; it provides a venue for discussions on trade, economic strategy and travel agreements, as well as an energy security platform. Around 64% of Moldovan exports are destined to the EU market. The Joint Strategy is structured around the following four broad areas of intervention: Three cross-cutting priorities were also identified: civil society, gender equality and strategic communication. The European Commission has learned that there is a world of difference between oligarchs’ sweet pro-Western rhetoric and their toxic influence on EU strategy. As Moldova stands at the crossroads and finds itself in a difficult transition phase, the direction of the EU foreign policy will be crucial for the country’s future trajectory. The EU renovated 700 kilometres of roads, and provided residents of Chişinău and Bălți with modern trolleybuses. [1] The EU has opened an office in Chişinău (the Moldovan capital), and on 23 March 2005 appointed Adriaan Jacobovits de Szeged as special representative to Moldova with a focus on the resolution of the crisis in Transnistria. [27], Some political parties within both Moldova and Romania advocate merging the two countries. Delegations such as the one in Moldova exist all over the world. The Association Agreement between the EU and Moldova has brought deep and comprehensive free trade between the two partners. A Joint Analysis and a Joint Response/Strategy were completed in respectively 2016 and 2017, and are aligned with Moldova’s National Development Strategy "Moldova 2020". Sandwiched between Romania and Ukraine, Moldova emerged as an independent republic following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The EU is Moldova’s main trading partner, representing over 50% of all trade. underpin the EU’s (and its member states’) approach to the country. 12, M. Kogalniceanu Street MD-2001 Chisinau, Republic of Moldova Tel : (+373 22) 505210 Fax: (+373 22) 272622 Delegation-Moldova@eeas.europa.eu Promotion of the political and economic relations between the countries of accreditation and the European Union; Monitoring the implementation of the Partnership and Cooperation Agreements (PCA) between the EU and Moldova; Informing the public of the development of the EU and to explain and defend individual EU policies; Participating in the implementation of the EU's external assistance programmes (mainly. The new framework is innovative and ambitious, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) … Indeed, the spectacle of Russia, the United States, and the European Union all cooperating to effect peaceful regime change in a small country is not something you see every day. To some, European integration is a high-flown ideal — not to us. In 2016, the exports from the EU to the Republic of Moldova have decreased by 2%. A third section focuses on the specific The food safety reform will enable Moldova to export its agricultural products, notably animal products, whose safety for consumers is strictly controlled in the EU. Moldova also participates in Cross Border Cooperation (CBC) programmes such as the Black Sea Programme, the Romania-Ukraine-Moldova ENPI Land-Border Programme, and the Danube Transnation… According to an authoritative survey commissioned by the National Democratic Institute in November 2015, only 40% Moldovans support European integration; 44% are in favour of Eurasian integration, however. A resident British embassy opened in Chisinau in 2002. Vielleicht auch das Assoziierungsabkommen mit der EU, oder die vertiefte und umfassende Freihandelszone (deep and comprehensive free trade area, DCFTA)? But Moldova has a lot to offer in its own right. The two sides are deepening their relations with the EU-Moldova Association Agreement, which was signed in June 2014. In 2014, while it was run by a pro-European coalition, Moldova signed a deal on closer political and economic ties with the EU, now a bloc of 27 nations. The Delegation of the European Union to Moldova was opened in Chişinău in October 2005, having the status of a diplomatic mission and officially represents the EU in the Republic of Moldova. Assoziierungsabkommen mit der Republik Moldau; Die Außenministerinnen und ‑minister der EU führten am 26. Moldova is the least visited country in Europe. The parliament of Moldova ratified the agreement on 2 July 2014. EU assistance is being used for key reforms in the justice, education, economic development and energy sectors. The meeting participants, in particular, pointed out the unity of the three EU associated countries in the vision of the strategic future of the Eastern Partnership and the existence of many areas of common interest in the context of the European integration of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova, the press service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine informs. Moldova as a litmus test for EU soft power. EU border monitoring is necessary, but is not a sustainable long-term solution. In addition, Moldova profits from numerous thematic programmes, mainly supporting civil society and regional programmes linked with Trans-European networks. The Union also supports efforts to achieve Transnistria settlement. Machinery and appliances, for instance electrical cables, Textiles, including clothes and knitwear, and shoes, Agricultural products and beverages, including fruits, nuts, maize, wheat, sunflower seeds, oils. Als Partner eines Konsortiums unter der Federführung der belgischen Firma B&S ist die IRZ ab Oktober 2018 an der Implementierung des Projekts „Support to the Police Reform in the Republic of Moldova“ beteiligt. Command structure on the civilian/military strategic and operational levels (, Minesweeping operation in the Strait of Hormuz, (Operation Cleansweep, 1987 – 1988), Police contingent in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Multinational Advisory Police Element in Albania, General security surveillance mission in Kosovo, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 06:34. The process leading to the Joint Strategy started in early 2015, when the European Union and 15 EU Member States plus Switzerland agreed to conduct a Joint Analysis of the economic and social development context of Moldova. Moldova election: Pro-EU opposition candidate Maia Sandu wins. [1] As Russia steps up the pressure on Moldova, these trends are worrying for the EU. Moldova country profile. 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