Other research reports which indicate water quality deterioration in Kenya and the study basins are those by Njunguna (1978) and Ongwenyi (1979). within the Athi and Nairobi river basins in the last decade. The committee members who included Opiyo Wandayi (Ugunja), Richard Makenga (Kaiti), Ronald Tonui (Bomet Central) were urged to make recommendations that will help save River Athi which is an important source of water for residents of Kajiado, Nairobi, Machakos, Kitui and Makueni counties. The Athi River, which spans 390 km before entering the Indian Ocean, is the second-longest river in Kenya. Athi Catchment is bounded by Latitudes 1º to 4.5º South and Longitudes 37º to 40º East. Athi River Tourism: Tripadvisor has 298 reviews of Athi River Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Athi River resource. Find detailed maps for Kenya , Eastern , Athi River on ViaMichelin, along with road traffic and weather information, the option to book accommodation and view information on MICHELIN restaurants and MICHELIN Green Guide listed tourist sites for - Athi River. There are several major springs in ACA such as Mzima, Kikuyu, NjoroKubwa, Nolturesh and Marere. G. Gucha River. Number of Lakes greater than 10 acres — Aprox. Evapotranspiration ranges from 1200-2500 mm per year in the catchment. According to a statement issued by the governor, the waste released to Nairobi River, which is a main tributary to Athi River has endangered the people of Machakos who depend on the river as a source of water. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. The Nairobi Rivers form the mid-section of an extensive tropical river system whose headwaters are located in the highlands of central Kenya. About See All. Athi Catchment Area has varied topographical characteristics, from the highland in the Aberdare Ranges of around 2,600M above mean sea level (amsl) to the coastal area at the sea level. According to the latest Kenya Retail Sector Report by Cytonn Real Estate for the third quarter of the year, Athi River had the highest rental yield coming in at 6.2%. The river supports abundant fish species, most of them in the Cyprinidae and Aplocheilidae Families. The Indus River, locally refereed as the Tibetan, Sindhu, or Mehran, is the longest river in Asia. 2006. Riverine subsistence agriculture of arrowroots and kales were common throughout the studied area. Create New Account. Its estimated annual flow averages 58 cubic miles, making it the twenty-first largest liver in the world in terms of annual flow. It starts on Mount Kenya and is a tributary of the Sagana and then the Tana, the longest river in Kenya. Its vegetation varies with altitude, although most of it has been depleted as a result of human activities like charcoal making Twenty of our most popular items are included in the program. See more of Main Source Detailing on Facebook. Figure 1: Kenya’s territorial waters (Source: Survey of Kenya map series SK 74) The country is also endowed with a large drainage basin called Tana-Athi-Sabaki Drainage Basin (Fig.2) whose major rivers discharge into the Indian Ocean. S. Sondu Miriu River - Suam River. The study was carried out along the banks of River Athi within the Athi River Township in Machakos County. The Tana River is a major source of hydropower and currently has It should be cleaned to get rid of any harmful chemicals that would make the water unfit for human consumption” ,added Dr. Mutua. Portions of the basin include agriculturally high potential areas despite the fact that about 80 percent of the basin is located in the ASALs. in Athi River Township around Kitengela area.The main objective of the present work is not only to quantify the PM 10 and PM 2.5 concentrations but also to It markets its products under the brand names, Rhino Cement and Mavuno Fertilizer. Urban areas: The major towns in this catchment are; Nairobi, Thika, Kiambu, Machakos, Kajiado, and Mombasa. Your Car, Your Choice! In 2007, however, the BBC reported that a team of Brazilian researchers challenged that long-held belief. After an expedition to Peru to locate the Amazon’s precise source, the team described a different starting point. The rivers are mostly narrow and highly polluted. Nairobi River has several tributaries, including (in descending order from north to south): Motoine River flows to the Nairobi Dam, an artificial lake meant to provide drinkable water for residents of Nairobi. 5. “Athi river is one of the main sources of Thwake dam and which will be the source of water for the three counties. 5 out of 5 stars. These include Mbagathi, Stony Athi, Nairobi, Ruiru and Ndarugu rivers. Empowered the WRUAs at the local level to carry out water conservation and protection activities through implementation of SCMP activities such as protection 129 springs, conservation of riparian areas, construction of terraces and gabions to control soil erosion, planting indigenious trees for conservation purposes. Coastal zone of 500-0M (amsl) is threatened by seawater intrusion; worsening with proximity to the oceanic front. Their fragile soil once disturbed by cultivation becomes susceptible to soil erosion during rainy seasons. The catchment flows from the flanks of the Rift valley, the Aberdare ranges and the Ngong hills. WRA launched a special program dubbed “Athi River Restoration Program” The Goal   of the   Program is to   protect water resources from  adverse impacts in collaboration with stakeholders for sustainable development. Other rivers such as the Rare, Kombeni, Mwache, Pemba, and Ramisi rivers flow into the Indian Ocean and the total drainage area totals 19,493 km2. 2004. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Athi River than in summer. Speaking at Wote on Monday during a consultative meeting on the construction of Thwake Multipurpose Dam at the confluence of rivers Thwake and Athi in Makueni … Voted Best of Forsyth 2017 - 2020! The river begins as Athi River at the mouth and drains into the Indian Ocean as Galana River, otherwise known as Sabaki River. The Athi River Community Network is made up of communities who live along the Athi River watershed. Chyulu Hills hosts the source aquifer that supplies the Mzima Springs, as well as the spring units that flow from the eastern side of the range (from Kiboko in the north to Umani further south). Welcome to our church website, Athi-River Main SDA Church. It is the second longest river in Kenya. The main challenge that the community in the area faces is water shortage. Renewables overtook fossil fuels as the European Union’s main source of electricity for the first time in 2020 as new projects came online and coal power shrank, a report … Tana River, river, Kenya, flowing 440 miles (708 km) from its headwaters in the Aberdare Range and Mount Kenya to the Indian Ocean.Taking a northeasterly course at first, the river plunges over the Kitaru (Seven Forks) Falls (440 feet [134 m]) into a semidesert landscape that constitutes its middle course. The Athi River is the second largest river basin in Kenya, after the Tana River. It is among the longest rivers in the world, with a total length of 2,000 miles from its source to drainage. It draws its major findings from two research projects … A. Athi-Galana-Sabaki River. The main sources of water are the River Athi and Kyangwasi Rivers. Nairobi River tributaries are the main source of the Athi River. “Athi river is one of the main sources of Thwake dam and which will be the source of water for the three counties. Log In. E. Ewaso Ng'iro River. Middle zone of 1,500-500M (amsl) which covers the Taita Hills, Shimba Hills and Arabuko Sokoke forest reserves, which are important water towers for the catchment. Our morning Sabbath school begins from 9:00am, then divine service at 11:00am and thereafter the afternoon’s bible study, music, family life or drama. [5][6] During rainy seasons the discharge tends to multiply, causing floods on low-lying riverbanks. Administratively, the drainage basin covers: Nairobi, Makueni, Taita Taveta, Kwale and Mombasa Counties, part of Kiambu, Machakos, Kajiado, Kilifi, Kitui and Nyandarua Counties. These areas generate high runoff and consequent erosion of riverbanks, sewage spills during flash-floods, solid waste, encroachment into wetlands and riparian. Overgrazing causing accelerated erosion and subsequently siltation of water bodies. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. These wetlands and riparian zones need protection from degradation and restoration of their functional capacities. Its water is used downstream by about four million people not only for irrigation but also for domestic purposes. The Aberdare Range, one of the major water towers, lies in the northern edge of the area. Croplands and rangelands: Croplands and rangelands constitute the largest land use areas in the catchment. This assists to determing the volume of water available versus the demand and hence plan to allocate the resources for various uses. The Athi river receives flow contributions from several tributaries draining the upper parts of the basin . [7], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}1°11′59″S 37°09′26″E / 1.19972°S 37.15722°E / -1.19972; 37.15722. As it flows through the plains and valleys of Kenya, the river forms the majestic Fourteen Falls, meanders through Nairobi, and eventually passes through Tsavo National Park, the largest in Kenya. Other tributaries of Nairobi River Basin include; Kamiti river (Gathara-ini), Rui Ruaka, Karura Ruiru and Kirichwa. Water towers, forest reserves and groundwater recharge areas: The Aberdare Range, Kikuyu Escarpment, Muguga, Dagoretti, Ngong Hills, Ololua, Karura, Kinare, Kiambu, Nyamweru, Kieni, Kitondo, Kilungu, Namanga Hill,Chyulu Hills, Taita Hills, Shimba Hills and Arabuko Sokoke. These rivers are mostly narrow and highly polluted, though recent efforts have seen fruitful gains in cleaning up the river. The river, its tributaries and riverbanks are the source of irrigation and drinking water for millions of people, and wildlife. Not Now. As the road gets closer to Athi River hence outskirts of Nairobi, main beneficiaries will be those operating in the Export Processing Zone (EPZ), the cement factory operators and traders in both animal products and merchandise in general. Horticultural farming is also practised in these areas. The company produces cement, quick and hydrated lime, fertilizers, sodium silicate, calcium oxide, industrial minerals and special building products. The main stream, Nairobi River, bounds the northern city centre, where it is partly canalized. Athi River is the second longest river in Kenya after River Tana. The rivers are mostly narrow and highly polluted. On a colloquial basis, some define the source of a river at the drainage basin from which water runs year-around, such as a lake. D. Dawa River. Nairobi River tributaries are the main source of the Athi River. As a result, Kenya has become a leader in East Africa regarding aggressive policies to combat plastic pollution at its source. Acute shortage of water resources at different times of the year resulting in conflicts of water sharing. Athi River Tourism: Tripadvisor has 298 reviews of Athi River Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Athi River resource. The source or headwaters of a river, defined as the furthest place in that river from its estuary or confluence with another river, is an elusive concept. Tsavo River runs east from the western end of the Tsavo West National Park ofKenya, near the border of Tanzania, until it joins with the Athi River, forming theGalana River near the center of the park. The state has substantial biomass and solar resources and minor oil and natural gas reserves.1,2,3,4 The warm waters of the Gulf Stream wrap around the state's coastline, which is more than 1,100 miles long. Major Water Resources Management Challenges, WRA’s efforts in Curbing Water Conservation Concerns in Athi Catchment Area, Ministry of Water, Sanitation & Irrigation, Location: Water Resources Authority (WRA), NHIF Building, 9th Floor Wing B, Upper Hill, Ragati Road, Nairobi, Address: P.O.Box 45250-00100 Nairobi, Kenya, Athi River passing through the Yatta Platteau (Picture by Mathew Mutie; The Treasure Blog), Figure 3: Pollution sources along Athi River, Implementation of Sub Catchment Management Plans, Construction & Rehabilitation of Surface Water Gauge Stations, https://wra.go.ke/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/WRA-Customer-Service-Charter-Audio-File-online-audio-converter.com_.mp3. Kilimanjaro. Other tributaries of Nairobi River Basin include; Kamiti river (Gathara-ini), Rui Ruaka, Karura Ruiru, and Kirichwa. Athi River Climate graph // Weather by Month. There are different criteria for the definition of tributaries, and by some definitions, irrespective of the official name, one strand or another may be called the source. It found that the main source of pollution was from untreated industrial waste and raw sewage from informal settlements. Total area of ACA is 58,639 Km2, corresponding to 10.2% of the country’s total area. Downstream of Nairobi the river flows through arid areas of Kenya to the Indian Ocean at Malindi. Agriculture and pastoralism: The Upper Athi consists of the areas of Kiambu and some parts of Nyandarua, where farming of coffee and tea is predominant. Arm Cement Plc (Arm Cement), formerly known as Athi River Mining Limited, is a mineral exploration and processing company. Pollution in the river is, however, threatening fish in the river. 2003. Distribution of epilithic diatoms in response to environmental conditions in an urban tropical stream, Central Kenya. The stream experiences different impacts originating from anthropogenic sources along the channels and in the catchment. Read more Clam, Estero & Naples Bays ... Lake Okeechobee is the second largest freshwater lake within the United States, and the main source of freshwater flow into the Everglades. Longest River — St. Johns at 273 miles. The main focus is to examine the trends in water quality degradation, pollutant sources and pollution levels since the early 1990s to year 2000 and beyond. Product/Service. Indian Ocean through the Tana River. The river has been significant through history for local communities through fishing. Unfortunately these rangelands are increasingly being converted to agro-pastoralism and urbanisation with consequent loss of the protective vegetation cover. Nairobi Rivers' source is at Ondiri swamp in Kikuyu.[3]. It crosses Ngong Road at the Mbagathi bridge, past Karen Shopping Centre on your way to Ngong. Along with population growth and rapid urbanization, poor solid waste management is emerging as a key risk for health in Kenya. N. Nairobi River - Naro Moru River - Njoro River - Nyando River - Nzoia River. 7,700. Criteria for distinguishing between main branches and tributaries. To improve air quality in Athi River, mitigation measures such as limiting the establishment of more high energy-consuming industries and prioritize the use of clean energy sources. Plastic debris has the potential to negatively impact marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and has social impacts through degraded beaches, declining real estate values, and detrimental health effects. Its water is used downstream by about four million people not only for … Efforts to conserve and preserve this river are yet to be initiated. Prime 20 acres light industrial land for sale Main electricity and water next to the land for connection It is a rectangular flat land It is fronting a river LOCATION INFORMATION The land is located along Mutongoni Road,Athi River only 2 km off Mombasa Road You are free to come and worship with us on Saturdays. Product/Service . The focus was on Athi River, which is approximately 591km-long within the 37,750km2 Athi Basin. Ndiritu, G. G., N. N. Gichuki, P. Kaur and L. Triest. An attempt was made in this study to determine the contribution of these tributaries to the total streamflow and salt fluxes of the Main Athi river. The Gulf Stream moderates the state's climate but also makes Florida one of the most humid states in the nation, with frequent summer thunderstorms and occasional devastating hurri… The Caloosahatchee River has long been a water resource for urban and agricultural use. Major cities and towns found in ACA are Nairobi (the Capital City), Mombasa (the second largest), Kiambu, Kajiado, Machakos, Malindi, and Kilifi. Further onwards the stream continues as Ngong River. Determining the source of the Rhine is difficult, because in the river system of the Anterior and Posterior Rhine, there are many headwaters of similar size. ABA has also carried out several activities aimed towards increasing the water storage through the installation of roof water harvesting tanks, spring protection, water pans and sand dams as a result of working with the WRUAs to address issues of water scarcity. Bananas are grown in Kiambu, Kwale and Taita Taveta Counties. This is the the one farthest from Ngong Hills (where the rest of the other sources are located). Then there is the famous Rio Negro that flows through Brazil, Venezuela, and Colombia and is 1,400 miles long. Its water is used downstream by about four million people not only for irrigation but also for domestic purposes. Source of the Hunter River By Phil Ashley-Brown The Hunter River begins as a series of small pools of water bubbling up out of the ground from springs in the NSW Barrington Tops. The temperature here averages 19.4 °C | 67.0 °F. Nairobi River tributaries are the main source of the Athi River. The Nairobi River Basin comprises of 3 main rivers: Ngong, Nairobi, and Mathare. Its soils are well drained moderately deep to very reddish brown loamy soils. The determination of salt fluxes from the main sub-basins of the Athi river showed that the main contributors of dissolved salts into the Main Athi river are the Nairobi river, Mbagathi river and Stony Athi river . Largest Lake — Lake Okeechobee at 700 square miles (the 2nd largest freshwater lake in the United States) Largest County — Palm Beach at 2,578 square miles. 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